Vaprio d’Adda is a municipality situated on the river Adda between Milan and Bergamo on the outskirts of the Milanese metropolitan area, far enough from Milan to be located in an environmentally characterized context but an integral part of the system of intense relations developed by the territory between Milan and Bergamo every day. One of the major traffic arteries passes through Vaprio, where it is possible to cross the Adda. The town has grown over the years to increase the density of its historical structure stretching along the riverside, confined between rural settlements and patrician villas, the structure of the modern city, with phenomena of attraction along the main artery and residential sprawl on the north-south axis connecting all the towns along the river. At the time of drawing up the plan, the territory was thus fairly compact along the two “backbones”, parallel to and crossing the Adda, albeit with evident spreading into the agricultural area. At the same time, the industrial plant installed in the past in many of the municipalities of the hinterland was already disused or being closed down due to the shifting and reduction of production activities. The municipality thus found itself faced with major infrastructural problems, the need for overall redefinition of its form and the desire to restore meaning to much of its territory, with an undervalued historical centre that was hard to redevelop and a still expanding settlement system inherited from past planning.
The territorial management plan, one of the first drawn up in the province of Milan and the Lombardy region in general after regional law 12 of 2005 came into effect, addressed the questions posed by the territory, developing some strategic directions of overall redefinition. The two backbones were the target of a series of projects, directly contained in the plan, capable of giving new meaning to the strategic axis of the road running through the municipality, reshaping the boundary between town and country to the northwest, and establishing a new environmental relationship with the Adda. The first to try out the new regulations and instruments imposed by the law, the plan also sought to ensure the economic sustainability of the operations envisaged through a mechanism of urban compensation capable of supporting the many public works involved. Through the new plan, Vaprio hoped to transform its position on the edge of a territory centred elsewhere and construct new episodes capable of placing the town within the network of smaller centres and giving a sense to the parts constructed in the consolidated fabric, rediscovering its juxtaposition on two sides with the environmental systems of the Adda and the agricultural land.