Architects: Marco Facchinetti, Marco Dellavalle
Category: Urban planning
Date: 2009 – 2013
City: Basiglio (MI)
Client: Comune di Basiglio (MI)
Tags: Urban Planning, PGT
Basiglio is a particular town. Within the vast territory of the South Milan Agricultural Park, the historical nucleus of the municipality is small and clearly agricultural in structure, consolidated only with some recent residential additions. At the same time, the predominantly residential area of Milano 3 has been built north of this nucleus on the northern borders of the municipal territory, initially as a green alternative to the traditional city and now a residential district of considerable size with some service functions and some major problems in terms of structure and organization. The plan thus addresses a territory that is unbalanced if observed exclusively within the municipal borders. For this reason, the horizons are immediately expanded to encompass both the broader nature of the system of the Agricultural Park and the rationale of Milano 3. The need is realized straight away for the territory to redefine its position and the conception of its being structured in this way. While in past decades the settlement of Milan 3 constituted the alternative both as a model (the garden city in place of the traditional city) and in terms of functioning (immersed in the green and connected by some public means of road transport), it now constitutes an enclave of greenery and construction in close contact with the park but richly endowed with other functions that are not necessarily confined to serving its inhabitants. A potential component of the post-metropolitan territory that appears to be undergoing consolidation precisely on the territorial axis of Milan 3 with the strengthening of services offered by the Humanitas health care centre and the changes under way along the main highway to Milan, therefore rich in potential and possibilities in the aggregation of some new centralities around the consolidated structure of Milano 3 so as to transform the image from a garden city on the outskirts to the central urban pole of a broader territory including the boundaries of the neighbouring towns. Through the plan’s investment in some areas of transformation and its provisions for strengthening the supply of services, Milano 3 can abandon the outskirts and place itself at the centre of its surrounding territory, offering facilities, services and public spaces worthy of an urban centre. With the mechanism of compensatory implementation and the granting of transformation rights only in return for marked public benefit, the plan makes it possible to solve precise and private problems (e.g. the financial contribution to be asked of condominiums for an improved supply of energy in line with the town’s environmental sustainability targets), to make good the infrastructural failings of non-residential functions (by increasing the parking space and designing a more efficient road system), and above all to create a centre of services of broader interest capable of repositioning the nucleus of Milano 3 and enhancing its urban potential.