Architects: Marco Facchinetti, Marco Dellavalle
Category: Urban planning
Date: 2008 – 2012
City: Novedrate (CO)
Client: Comune di Novedrate (CO)
Tags: Urban Planning, PGT
The territory of Novedrate is particular. It is bounded to the west by a major environmental system that constitutes an interruption of the plain. The historical centre facing this system is particularly confined and overlooked by the rapid expansion that has taken place on the once agricultural plain, both residential in the vicinity of the historical centre and – still more evidently – industrial towards the infrastructural corridor of the provincial highway. It is an intermediate territory, capable of expressing both the environmental quality of the Brianza highland and the more consolidated dynamics of the plain. Attention is thus focused not on design, for which there is no space in a territory with such a structure, but on the regulatory procedure of the plan. Though small in size, the areas of transformation are addressed by means of area dossiers in an attempt to include prescriptions in a process of implementation that provides for no prescriptive mechanisms in the plan. The parts of the consolidated town are addressed with criteria of negotiated planning. Mechanisms for the sale and monetization of areas for services are taken into consideration and the relationship between the private and public sectors is probed through mechanisms for negotiation and reaching agreements. The challenge is considerable. At a time of crisis, reduced investment in territorial transformation and general reassessment of the value of investments in construction, the plan bases the mechanisms of its implementation on the relationship between private investors and public authorities, rediscovering the key role that the private sector must play in the construction of the city not least through mechanisms like the “borsino volumetrico” making it possible to exchange property rights in the residential areas. In this connection, the plan rediscovers important mechanisms, such as the transfer of volumes from one area to another, and innovates the same through an effort to determine the existence of parts of the settlement fabric requiring greater or lesser density. Importance attaches to the mechanism for implementation of the plan, which necessarily obeys this logic, because it must be able to ensure close scrutiny of the functioning and development of such transfers. At the same time, the strategic environmental assessment procedure plays a key role precisely as a tool for monitoring the implementation of the plan and the transformation of the territory.