Architects: Marco Facchinetti, Marco Dellavalle
Category: Urban planning
Date: under way since 2013
City: Verano Brianza (MB)
Client: Comune di Verano Brianza (MB)
Tags: Urban Planning, Transformation, Area
The project for area AT 22 regards the definition of the rules for a complicated zone included in the territorial management plan of Verano Brianza.
This is an area of production included in the plan for the purpose of redeveloping a part of the territory occupied over the years by small businesses and buildings through a process typical of the region, thus causing severe fragmentation of the settlement system. The division into countless small plots of land and the density of the production system have had major repercussions on circulation, which is crippled by the presence of many access points and a confused, non-hierarchical and disorganized road system.
The presence of some vacant lots of building land prompted the territorial management plan to redefine the area as a whole and attempt an approach that has always proved complex in Italian urban planning, namely the transfer of building rights from one area to another so as to concentrate construction in some places and free others. This transfer procedure makes it possible to define the places where buildings must be erected, thus concentrating the areas for the parking spaces and facilities required by an industrial area and those for the concentration of green spaces at the points best served by the road system. Above all, it makes it possible to draw up a single set of rules for transformation and guide the individual operations within a single project in step with the progress of construction.
The difficulty of the area and the particular nature of an instrument of this kind involved concrete experimentation with the use of an urban-planning design to develop the functioning of the rules in depth. Design simulations were used to examine the modes of implementation for the area, monitoring the behaviour of the individual parties concerned and envisioning the results of the design as a whole on the basis of their greater or lesser capacity to operate in terms of building concentrations. The design thus governs implementation, monitoring the schedules and also deciding which works and which burdens for the municipality are to be guaranteed as well as their quantity and the plans and procedures to be adopted.
Implementation is thus related to the ability to the parties concerned to grasp the importance to acting in accordance with a coordinated design of public character but strongly linked to the real and effective possibilities of private concerns to put its content into effect, overcoming the traditional separation of provisions and actual implementation by anticipating at the time of formulating provisions all the typical problems and difficulties as regards their implementation.
The overall design born out of this has no particular compositional merits. The nature of the area, the complexity of the site and the very ordinary character of the context permit nothing more than an orderly design susceptible of correct implementation and above all capable of guiding the parties involved over time and persuading them to comply with urban-planning and morphological rules that are new for the context.